Legal framework

The management and storage of radioactive waste are governed by the provisions of the Nuclear Energy Act and the Nuclear Energy Ordinance, both of which entered into force in 2005. The Act stipulates the main requirements, one of which is that radioactive waste must be disposed of so that the long-term safety of human beings and the environment can be assured. It also stipulates that radioactive waste that is produced in Switzerland must also be disposed of here. The Ordinance regulates the enforcement of the provisions of the Act. For example, it stipulates that the federal government must regulate the site selection procedure in a sectoral plan. It also specifies the applicable safety requirements for a deep geological repository.

Sectoral plan

With sectoral plans the federal government coordinates tasks of national importance in a single process. For this purpose it works together with the involved cantonal and municipal authorities and takes account of their respective interests.



Who owns radioactive waste (both before and after it has been sealed in a storage facility)?


Is importing or exporting radioactive waste prohibited?

Specialist staff
Last modification 21.10.2020

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