The management (handling and storage) of radioactive waste is governed by the provisions of the Nuclear Energy Act and the Nuclear Energy Ordinance, both of which entered into force on 1 February 2005. The Act stipulates the main requirements, including the conditions under which radioactive waste has to be disposed of so that the long-term safety of human beings and the environment can be assured. It also stipulates that radioactive waste that is produced in Switzerland must also be disposed of in Switzerland. The Ordinance regulates the enforcement of the provisions of the Act. For example, it determines that the federal government must regulate the various objectives and specifications in a sectoral plan. It also specifies the applicable safety requirements for a deep geological repository.