Large-scale hydropower

Hydropower plays a major role in Switzerland's energy production, with a share of 57.6%. In addition, storage plants are an important factor for power production at short notice and for the changeover of production from summer to winter. Thanks to its storage capabilities, Switzerland plays a central role as an electricity supplier in the European networks. Hydropower is our most important, CO2-free energy source.

Hydropower also creates jobs and provides significant funding, most notably to mountain cantons and communes, through various charges and taxes.

In a European comparison, Switzerland is no. 4 in terms of contribution of hydropower towards electricity production, behind Norway, Austria and Iceland.

There are currently (12-31-2023) 705 hydropower power plants in Switzerland that have a capacity of at least 300 kilowatts (generator). They generate a maximum output of 16,533 MW (generator) and an annual production potential of 37,171 gigawatt hours. The main water sources (feeding 614 power plants) are the Rhine (into which the Aara, Reuss and Limmat flow) and the Rhone.

The two mountain cantons, Valais and Graubünden, are the biggest producers: with a combined output of 18.30 TWh, they supply almost half of Switzerland's hydropower.

In Switzerland's hydropower plant statistics, a distinction is made between four types of plants: run-of-river (4,252 MW, 18,072 GWh/y), storage (8,226 MW, 17,556 GWh/y), pumped storage (3,493 MW, 1,543 GWh/y) and basic water flow plants (562 MW).

Large-scale hydropower plants (capacity greater than 10 MW generator) account for 90.6% of Switzerland's total hydropower production.


Studies and reports

Studies and reports within the framework of Energy Strategy 2050

Specialist staff
Last modification 02.05.2024

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