The individual target is calculated on the basis of the target value of 118g CO2/km and also depends on the unladen weight. The calculation parameters applicable for 2024 can be found in the FAQs.
Calculation of penalties for large importers
If the average carbon emissions of a large importer's newly registered car fleet exceed the individually specified target level, a penalty is levied. See the penalty calculation example for large importers and emissions pools under 'Documents' (de). An automated calculation tool is not available for large importers.
Calculation of penalties for small importers
Excess emissions and penalties are individually calculated for each passenger car imported by a small importer. The size of the penalty is calculated on the basis of both on the vehicle's carbon emissions and its unladen weight. This means that a vehicle may be subject to a penalty even if it does not exceed the 118g/km carbon emissions target. The calculation tool can be used to calculate any penalty due.
Compensation of penalties for small importers
Small importers of passenger cars may be required to pay a carbon penalty before vehicles are registered in Switzerland. A penalty is levied for vehicles that exceed the carbon emissions target. If a vehicle's emissions are below the specified target, no penalty applies. However, in this case no bonus will be paid out either. Small importers have the option of assigning their emissions to a large importer. This may reduce the penalty for a high-emission vehicle, or a bonus may be paid out for an efficient vehicle. The assigning (small) importer and the large importer draw up an agreement to this effect. Vehicles must be assigned and the SFOE notified thereof before initial registration in Switzerland.