Calculation of penalties for large-scale importers
If the average CO2 emissions of a large-scale importer's newly registered car fleet exceed the individually specified target level, a penalty will apply. For the calculation of the applicable penalty, official and provisional large-scale importers, as well as emissions pools, should refer to the calculation example (cf. “Documents”). An automated calculation tool is not available for large-scale importers.
Calculation of penalties for small importers
Calculation of excess emissions and penalties for small importers is carried out individually for each vehicle. Here the amount of the penalty depends not only on the CO2 emissions, but also on the unladen weight of the newly registered vehicle. It is therefore possible that a vehicle could be subject to a penalty even if its level of emissions is below 118 grams per kilometre. For information about the amount of any applicable penalty, please consult the calculation tool.
Compensation of penalties for small importers
Small importers of cars have to pay any applicable CO2 penalty prior to the registration of the vehicle. A penalty applies in any case if a vehicle exceeds the specified target. If a vehicle's emissions are below the specified target, a penalty does not apply, but the federal government does not award a bonus. However, for small importers there are privately operated CO2 exchanges on the Internet which offer a balance between high-emission and efficient vehicles: here, small importers may be able to reduce the penalty for high-emission vehicles or receive a bonus for efficient models.