Thermal energy storage

Switzerland wants to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050. To do so, the energy used to heat buildings and hot water must become 100 per cent CO2-neutral by 2050. The rapid expansion of thermal grids and seasonal heat storage plays an important part in this.

Heat storage systems are currently used in Switzerland primarily to break load peaks, simplify control (hydraulic decoupling) and balance the diurnal cycle. If the thermal storage tank is large enough, heat can also be stored seasonally.

With seasonal heat storage, unavoidable waste heat from waste incineration, from cooling applications and other industrial processes can be retained. Even surplus heat generated in summer from solar energy or deep geothermal energy can be stored. In this way, the consumption of other energies (biogas, natural gas, heating oil and electricity) can be reduced during winter. Seasonal heat storage can also be used to increase the efficiency of heat-pump heating systems.

Currently seasonal heat storage is only economically viable in a few cases because it is still cheaper to use fossil energy sources to meet peak load coverage in thermal networks. (Current price developments caused by the geopolitical situation are not taken into account here.) High energy prices in winter increase the economic attractiveness of seasonal heat storage.




Last modification 22.09.2022

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