CO2 emission regulations for new cars and light commercial vehicles

CO2-Emissionsvorschriften - Bild 1

Like the EU, Switzerland introduced CO2 emission regulations for new cars in July 2012. The average level of emissions from cars registered in Switzerland for the first time may not exceed 130 grams of CO2 per kilometre. This level is applicable until the end of 2019. With effect from 2020, a target level of 95 grams of CO2 per kilometre will apply for cars. At the same time, additional CO2 emission regulations will be introduced for light commercial vehicles and light articulated vehicles, which will then have to comply with a target level of 147 grams of CO2 per kilometre. Each importer's vehicle fleet has to comply with an individual target based on the specified level. If the target is exceeded, the importer will have to pay a penalty.

Small and large-scale importers

The CO2 regulations apply to all importers of new cars and/or light commercial vehicles (for the latter, with effect from 2020). Here a distinction is made between large-scale and small importers: The term "large-scale importer" applies to importers who register at least 50 new cars or at least 6 new light commercial vehicles a year. These importers have to be registered with the SFOE. Importers may join forces to form emissions pools in order to attain the minimum number of vehicles for qualifying as large-scale importers and collectively comply with the specified target level. Emissions pools have the same rights and obligations as large-scale importers.

Private citizens who directly import a new car are classified as small importers. They have the option of importing their vehicle via a CO2 exchange. In this way they can reduce any required penalty payments and benefit from a bonus that applies to the private import of efficient vehicles.

Links to the application forms for registration as a provisional large-scale importer and for emissions pools are listed under "Forms and fact sheets".

Small and private importers are required to have the CO2 emissions certified by the Swiss Federal Roads Office (FEDRO) before they can register their vehicle(s). The same applies to large-scale importers who want to register vehicles without type approval. The application form for certification, plus more detailed information concerning the procedure for the import and registration of vehicles, can be obtained from the FEDRO website.


Industry information

ID: 292

Brochures and reports

Enforcement results

In 2017 the Federal Administrative Court decided that the public interest in results regarding the enforcement of regulations on CO2 emissions for cars outweighed data protection considerations (Decision A-6755/2016 of 23 October 2017). Based on this decision the Federal Office of Energy publishes an annual overview of enforcement results.

New car Report

Statistics fuel consumption

Specialist staff
Last modification 29.10.2019

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