In Switzerland, mobility is one of the biggest areas of energy consumption. At present, it accounts for around one-third of end energy consumption, and the tendency is upward. It also accounts for the largest proportion (48%, including air transport) of CO2 emissions.
Roughly 50% of all journeys by car are shorter than 5 kilometres. Within this distance, up to five times more hydrocarbons, two-and-a-half more times NOx and 10% more CO2 are emitted than in the period after the engine has fully warmed up.
It would be possible to drastically reduce fuel consumption and emissions of pollutants by adopting suitable mobility behaviour. During periods when pollution levels are particularly high, e.g. in summer, and especially in major urban centres, short journeys should be made wherever possible by bicycle, electric bike or electric scooter, or by public transport, instead of by car. This eases the burden on the environment and saves time as well as energy.
The SFOE's Transports research programme examines criteria and measures for reducing energy consumption in the mobility sector, especially by the main segment, private motorised transport. The programme focuses on lighter and/or smaller vehicles, more efficient drive mechanisms and more suitable mobility behaviour.
Its Accumulators / Supercapacitors research programme examines ways of improving electrochemical and electrostatic energy storage technologies. Here its focus is on Zebra batteries, super caps, lead accumulators and lithium ion and polymer batteries.