Experts all over the world agree that, based on the present-day status of knowledge, storing radioactive waste in geological rock layers is the safest solution. In view of this, the Swiss Federal Nuclear Energy Act calls for storage in a deep geological repository.
In Switzerland, the responsibility for disposing of radioactive waste is borne by those who produce it. It is the operators of nuclear power plants who are responsible for the disposal of waste produced from nuclear energy, while the federal State (Swiss Confederation) is responsible for managing radioactive waste from healthcare, industry and research. In 1972, these two parties founded the National Co-operative for the Disposal of Radioactive Waste (Nagra), which plans the final disposal of waste and carries out the needed research in this field.